Tolkien’s critique of modern evolutionary and progressivist thought

**** Mitchell, Philip Irving. “ ‘Legend and History Have Met and Fused’: The Interlocution of Anthropology, Historiography, and Incarnation in J.R.R. Tolkien’s ‘On Fairy-Stories’.” Tolkien Studies 8 (2011): 1-21. Examines Tolkien’s critique, shared with Catholic historian Christopher Dawson, G.K. Chesterton, and Owen Barfield, of the modern evolutionary and progressivist reduction and rejection of mythical, religious, spiritual, and supernatural sensibilities. Focuses particularly on the influence of Dawson’s Progress and Religion on Tolkien’s essay “On Fairy-Stories,” as evidenced in the unpublished drafts. Highly recommended.

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