De Sacramentis 1.1.4

1.1.4. “Whether there could ever have been matter without form.” Hugh clarifies what he means by unformed matter. Matter without any form whatsoever is in fact impossible; more specifically, it is impossible for a thing to have existence or being without also having some form. Nevertheless, the expression “unformed matter” is not absurd or without meaning; it refers to the respect in which matter originally existed “in a kind of confusion and mingled state” and was thus without “that beautiful and fitting disposition” that would be added later and is meant by “form.” Matter thus originally had “form,” but it was the “form of confusion,” a “broken state.” Hugh refers to the “form of confusion” as the “first form,” as distinct from the ‘second form, the form of disposition” which was wrought “through the interval of six days.”


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